Abstract

Laryngeal trauma is rare but potentially fatal. Initial evaluation includes efficient history and physical examination, imaging, bedside flexible laryngoscopy, and if necessary, operative endoscopic evaluation. Multiple classification systems exist for laryngeal trauma, and each has its merits. We recommend a patient-centered approach, rather than using the classification alone. Secure airways are the primary goal of acute management, with awake tracheostomy more often indicated over oral intubation compared with traumas not involving the larynx. More severe injuries typically require surgical intervention. Early intervention results in optimal voice and airway outcomes.

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