Hydrophilic interaction chromatography (HILIC) offers different selectivity than reversed-phase liquid chromatography (RPLC). However, our knowledge of the driving force for selectivity is limited and there is a need for a better understanding of the selectivity in HILIC. Quantitative assessment of retention mechanisms makes it possible to investigate selectivity based on understanding the underlying retention mechanisms. In this study, selected model compounds from the Ikegami selectivity tests were evaluated on different polar stationary phases. The study results revealed significant insights into the selectivity in HILIC. First, hydroxy and methylene selectivity is driven by hydrophilic partitioning; but surface adsorption for 2-deoxyuridine or 5-methyluridine reduces the selectivity factor. Furthermore, the retention of 2-deoxyuridine or 5-methyluridine by surface adsorption in combination with the phase ratio explain the difference in hydroxy or methylene selectivity observed among different stationary phases. Investigations on xanthine positional isomers (1-methylxanthine/3-methylxanthine, theophylline/theobromine) indicate that isomeric selectivity is controlled by surface adsorption; however, hydrophilic partitioning may contribute to resolution by enhancing overall retention. In addition, two pairs of nucleoside isomers (adenosine/vidarabine, 2′-deoxy and 3′-deoxyguanosine) provide an example that isomeric selectivity can also be controlled by hydrophilic partitioning if their partitioning coefficients are significantly different in HILIC. Although more data is needed, the current study provides a mechanistic based understanding of the selectivity in HILIC and potentially a new way to design selectivity tests.

Full Text
Published version (Free)

Talk to us

Join us for a 30 min session where you can share your feedback and ask us any queries you have

Schedule a call