Inorganic Chemistry | VOL. 61
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Insights into the Complexation Mechanism of a Promising Lipophilic PyTri Ligand for Actinide Partitioning from Spent Nuclear Fuel

Publication Date Nov 4, 2022

Abstract

The challenging issue of spent nuclear fuel (SNF) management is being tackled by developing advanced technologies that point to reduce environmental footprint, long-term radiotoxicity, volumes and residual heat of the final waste, and to increase the proliferation resistance. The advanced recycling strategy provides several promising processes for a safer reprocessing of SNF. Advanced hydrometallurgical processes can extract minor actinides directly from Plutonium and Uranium Reduction Extraction raffinate by using selective hydrophilic and lipophilic ligands. This research is focused on a recently developed N-heterocyclic selective lipophilic ligand for actinides separation to be exploited in advanced Selective ActiNide EXtraction (SANEX)-like processes: 2,6-bis(1-(2-ethylhexyl)-1H-1,2,3-triazol-4-yl)pyridine (PyTri-Ethyl-Hexyl-PTEH). The formation and stability of metal-ligand complexes have been investigated by different techniques. Preliminary studies carried out by electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) analysis enabled to qualitatively explore the PTEH complexes with La(III) and Eu(III) ions as representatives of lanthanides. Time-resolved laser fluorescence spectroscopy (TRLFS) experiments have been carried out to determine the ligand stability constants with Cm(III) and Eu(III) and to better investigate the ligand complexes involved in the extraction process. The contribution of a 1:3 M/L complex, barely identified by ESI-MS analyses, was confirmed as the dominant species by TRLFS experiments. To shed lig...

Concepts

Lipophilic Ligand Significant Differences In Chemical Shifts Time-resolved Laser Fluorescence Spectroscopy Electrospray Ionization Mass Spectrometry Analyses Selective ActiNide EXtraction Differences In Chemical Shifts Long-term Radiotoxicity Spent Nuclear Fuel Electrospray Ionization Mass Spectrometry NMR Investigations

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