When lithium-ion batteries undergo thermal runaway in a confined space, the released gases and/or vapors or dust particles can lead to an explosion. An 8L cylindrical experimental vessel was constructed to study the inert effect of inert gases on battery-vented gas (BVG) in a confined vessel. Firstly, the inhibition effect and inert mechanism of CO2 and N2 on BVG explosion were analyzed by experiments and simulation software. The results show that the inert effect of CO2 on the BVG is significantly better than that of N2. This is because CO2 is not only better than N2 in physical explosion inhibition, but also participates in the chemical reaction. Secondly, the effect of the release of high-pressure CO2 gas on the explosion of the BVG in a closed container was simulated, showing that when the BVG is near the lower explosive limit, the CO2 jet will significantly increase the rate of explosion pressure rise of the BVG. This suggests that the inhibition effect of the CO2 jet is not as good as in premixed conditions. Finally, it is found that the inhibition effect of CO2 on the hybrid explosion is better than that of CO2 jet on the BVG. Since CO2 makes oxygen insufficient, leading to a reduction in the amount of graphite dust burned. The graphite dust and CO2 have a synergistic inhibition effect on the hybrid explosion. The above findings can provide a reference for the lithium-ion battery explosion inhibition method in the process industry.

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