To explore the benefit of rapid induction with intravitreal bevacizumab for neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Single-institution prospective randomized pilot study. Patients with treatment-naïve neovascular AMD were randomized 1:1:1 into 1 of 3 groups based on the induction sequence: (1) every 2 weeks for 3 consecutive injections; (2) every 4 weeks for 3 consecutive injections; and (3) immediate pro re nata (prn) after the first injection. Retinal angiomatous proliferation and polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy were excluded. Best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and central retinal thickness using optical coherence tomography (OCT) were measured at baseline and at each follow-up. After induction, bevacizumab was administered as needed based mainly on OCT. Main outcome measure was mean initial fluid-free interval after induction. Secondary outcomes were mean improvement in BCVA and central retinal thickness. Each group included 30 patients (30 eyes). Mean initial fluid-free interval was 2.4, 3.4, and 3.5 months for biweekly induction, monthly induction, and immediate prn groups, respectively (P = .03). Significance was lost when corrected for age and sex (P = .073). Mean improvement in BCVA, central retinal thickness, and total number of injections were similar among the groups at 12 months. Six eyes in the biweekly induction group developed subretinal fibrosis vs no eyes in the other 2 groups (P = .003). Biweekly induction with intravitreal bevacizumab for treatment-naïve neovascular AMD does not increase initial fluid-free interval or cause significant anatomic and functional benefit compared to monthly induction or immediate prn. There is also the potential development of subretinal fibrosis with biweekly induction.

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