SARS-CoV-2, the virus that caused the widespread COVID-19 pandemic, is homologous to SARS-CoV. It would be ideal to develop antivirals effective against SARS-CoV-2. In this study, we chose one therapeutic target known as the main protease (Mpro) of SARS-CoV-2. A crystal structure (Id: 6LU7) from the protein data bank (PDB) was used to accomplish the screening and docking studies. A set of phytocompounds was used for the docking investigation. The nature of the interaction and the interacting residues indicated the molecular properties that are essential for significant affinity. Six compounds were selected, based on the docking as well as the MM-GBSA score. Pentagalloylglucose, Shephagenin, Isoacteoside, Isoquercitrin, Kappa-Carrageenan, and Dolabellin are the six compounds with the lowest binding energies (−12 to −8 kcal/mol) and show significant interactions with the target Mpro protein. The MMGBSA scores of these compounds are highly promising, and they should be investigated to determine their potential as Mpro inhibitors, beneficial for COVID-19 treatment. In this study, we highlight the crucial role of in silico technologies in the search for novel therapeutic components. Computational biology, combined with structural biology, makes drug discovery studies more rigorous and reliable, and it creates a scenario where researchers can use existing drug components to discover new roles as modulators or inhibitors for various therapeutic targets. This study demonstrated that computational analyses can yield promising findings in the search for potential drug components. This work demonstrated the significance of increasing in silico and wetlab research to generate improved structure-based medicines.

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