Journal of Chromatography B | VOL. 1210
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Host cell protein identification in monoclonal antibody high molecular weight species

Publication Date Nov 1, 2022

Abstract

High molecular weight (HMW) species are product-related variants that may impact therapeutic product safety and efficacy. Therefore, HMW species and aggregates are considered critical quality attributes and their levels should be closely monitored and controlled during drug development, commercial manufacturing, and shelf-life storage period for therapeutic monoclonal antibody drug products. Various biophysical and analytical methods have been developed to characterize the HMW species to understand their mechanisms of formation and assess potential product risk. However, host cell protein (HCP) analysis has seldom been conducted to characterize the impurities in aggregates. In this work, HCP analysis of enriched HMW species and drug substance (DS) from five different monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) was performed. More HCPs are identified in the enriched HMW than in the DS, thus demonstrating a potential interaction between HCPs and HMW. Certain HCPs, including commonly detected HCPs and problematic HCPs, were enriched in HMW fractions. Especially, the most abundant HCP from mAb1, CC motif chemokine, was 46 times more abundant in enriched HMW than DS. The enriched HMW was further fractionated into enriched dimers and enriched very HMW (vHMW) fractions. The CC motif chemokine was found to interact mainly with mAb1 dimer species rather than vHMW fraction. Removing the HMW species from mAb1 significantly decreased the CC motif chemokine level in the final mAb1 DS. Our findings demonstrate that some HCPs are more preferentially boun...

Concepts

High Molecular Weight Species Host Cell Protein High Molecular Weight Fractions CC Motif Chemokine High Molecular Weight CC Motif Downstream Purification Steps Motif Chemokine Product-related Variants Molecular Weight Species

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