Abstract

High-sensitivity sensors in practical applications face the issue of environmental noise interference, requiring additional noise reduction circuits or filtering algorithms to improve the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR). To address this issue, this study proposes a biomimetic crack pressure sensor with selective frequency response based on hydrogel dampers. The core of this research is to construct a biomimetic crack pressure sensor with selective frequency response using the high-pass filtering characteristics of gelatin-chitosan hydrogels. This design, inspired by the slit sensilla and stratum corneum structure of spider legs, delves into the material properties and principles of hydrogel dampers, exploring their application in biomimetic crack pressure sensors, including parameter selection, structural design, and performance optimization. By delving into the nuanced characteristics and working principles of hydrogel dampers, their integration in biomimetic crack pressure sensors is examined, focusing on aspects like parameter selection, structural engineering, and performance enhancement to selectively sieve out low-frequency noise and transmit target vibrational signals. Experimental results demonstrate that this innovative sensor, while suppressing low-frequency vibration signals, can selectively detect high-frequency signals with high sensitivity. At different vibration frequencies, the relative change in resistance exceeds 200%, and the sensor sensitivity is 7 × 104 kPa-1. Furthermore, this sensor was applied to human voice detection, and the corresponding results verified its frequency-selective performance evidently. This study not only proposes a new design for pressure sensors but also offers fresh insights into the application of biomimetic crack pressure sensors in intricate environments.

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