Abstract

Cytidine is a well-known inhibitor of DNA methyltransferase (MTN) enzyme for preventing cancer cells growth. Based on therapeutic benefits, it could be considered as a “lead compound” to be optimized through structural modification for arising better binding affinity in this case. Halogenated derivatives of cytidine were investigated in this work to examine structural and biological features employing in silico approach. To this aim, geometries of the original cytidine and four of its halogenated derivatives were minimized to prepare ligands for interacting with MTN enzyme target in molecular docking simulations. The results for singular ligand structures introduced I-cytidine as an optimized lead compound for contributing to proper interactions with MTN enzyme; the trend was confirmed by molecular docking simulations. As a final remark, I-cytidine could be considered as better ligand for complexation with the MTN enzyme in comparison with the original cytidine.

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