Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) and its outcomes remain one of the most challenging problems today. COVID-19 in children could be asymptomatic but can result in a fatal outcome, therefore, prediction of the disease severity is important. The goal was to investigate the human genetic factors that could be associated with COVID-19 severity in children. Single nucleotide polymor-phisms of the following genes were studied: ACE2 (rs2074192), IFNAR2 (rs2236757), TYK2 (rs2304256), OAS1 (rs10774671), OAS3 (rs10735079), CD40 (rs4813003), FCGR2A (rs1801274) and CASP3 (rs113420705). In the case-control study were 30 children with mild or moderate course of the disease; 30 with severe COVID-19 symptoms and multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS -C) and 15 healthy who did not have COVID-19 infection (PCR negative, Ig G negative). The study revealed that ACE2 rs2074192 (allele T), IFNAR2 rs2236757 (allele A), OAS1 rs10774671 (allele A), CD40 rs4813003 (allele C), CASP3 rs113420705 (allele C) and male sex contribute to severe course COVID-19 infection, and MIS-C in 85.6% of cases. The World Health Organization reported new COVID-19 variants may cause previously unseen symptoms in chil-dren. Although the study has limitation due to cohort size, the findings can help provide a better understanding of SARS-CoV-2 infection and proactive pediatric patient management.

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