The Journal of General and Applied Microbiology | VOL. 68
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Functional analysis of a gene cluster for putative bacteriocin deduced from the genome sequence of <i>Aeribacillus pallidus</i> PI8

Publication Date Jan 1, 2022

Abstract

Bacteriocins are a large family of peptides synthesized ribosomally by a variety of bacterial species. The genome of one of the thermophilic Gram-positive bacteria, Aeribacillus pallidus PI8, was found to possess an operon comprising five genes possibly involved in the production of a putative bacteriocin that was named pcnABCDE for the production of "pallidocyclicin." This study investigated the function of the pcn operon experimentally. The heterologous expression of the entire pcn operon from the plasmid was toxic to Escherichia coli but not to Bacillus subtilis. However, when the entire pcn operon was expressed constitutively, even the growth of B. subtilis was impaired, and at least pcnA was implied to serve as the precursor of pallidocyclicin. In addition, a strain of B. subtilis expressing the entire pcn operon from the plasmid showed toxicity to another thermophilic species, Geobacillus kaustophilus, at elevated temperatures, whereas another strain lacking pcnE alone from the pcn operon lost the toxicity, suggesting that pcnE might be involved in the biosynthesis of pallidocyclicin when it is produced in B. subtilis.

Concepts

Entire Operon Aeribacillus Pallidus Geobacillus Kaustophilus Putative Bacteriocin Production Of Bacteriocin Elevated Temperatures Analysis Of Cluster Thermophilic Bacteria Large Family Of Peptides Family Of Peptides

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