The spatial distribution of young stars in the Orion A region is considerably more complex. The angular correlation function of the OB stars (which are mostly foreground to the Orion A molecular cloud) is very similar to that of the Hα stars (which are located mostly within the molecular cloud) and significantly different from that of the young stars in the λ Ori region. This suggests that, although spatially separated, both populations in the Orion A region may have originated from a similar fragmentation process. Stellar surface density maps and modeling of the angular correlation function suggest that somewhat less than half of the OB and Hα stars in the Orion A cloud are presently within well-defined stellar clusters. Although all the OB stars could have originated in rich clusters, a significant fraction of the Hα stars appear to have formed outside such clusters in a more spatially dispersed manner. The close similarity of the angular correlation functions of the OB and Hα stars toward the molecular cloud, in conjunction with the earlier indications of a relatively high star formation rate and high gas pressure in this cloud, is consistent with the idea that older, foreground OB stars triggered the current episode of star formation in the Orion A cloud. One of the OB clusters (Upper Sword) that is foreground to the cloud does not appear to be associated with any of the clusterings of emission-line stars, again suggesting a timescale (<4 Myr) for emission-line activity and disk lifetimes around late-type stars born in OB clusters.

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