1 The problem background of food quality and safetyOver the last decades, citizens, consumers and policy makers have become increasinglyconcernedaboutthechallengesrelatedtotheagri-foodsystemsuchasfoodsecurity,foodquality and safety, the free and informed choice of consumers, animal welfare,environmentalprotectionandthemitigationofclimatechange.Troubledbythenegativeexternalities of food production, as well as the occurrence of a great number of incidentsincludingfoodlawoffencesandfraudulentbehaviour,consumersandpolicymakerscallfor more efforts to identify the failures in food markets and mitigate the correspondingcredence quality problems and food risks. Hazards and food quality threats may arise atall levels of the food supply system, and safety precautions and controls may fail due totechnological flaws and human errors or misbehaviours on any of these levels.Since food quality and safety depend on all members of the food supply chain,improving the chain’s quality and safety performance requires collective action andthe design of governance structures which facilitate organizational choices thatovercome the information and coordination problems within the supply chain. Inrelation to the self-organization of food businesses, the general governanceperspective can be related to private contracts and supply chain management. Supplychain management is about providing/sharing resources and aligning the activities ofdifferent supply chain members in order to reduce chain costs and increase chainbenefits that can be distributed among the chain members (cf., Arshinder andDeshmukh 2008). In other words: technological and behavioural uncertainties mayinduce food businesses to make voluntary multi-lateral agreements and allocate

Full Text
Published version (Free)

Talk to us

Join us for a 30 min session where you can share your feedback and ask us any queries you have

Schedule a call