Abstract Despite their importance for species conservation and sound management of exploited living resources, the density-dependent mechanisms that regulate wild populations are among the least understood process in ecology. In many marine fish species, there is strong evidence that regulation occurs at the juvenile stage, when individuals concentrate in spatially restricted nurseries. However, little is known about the underlying mechanisms. Whether competition for food resources determines fish growth and survival is particularly controversial. We investigated whether food supply may have limited juvenile fish production (integrating both growth and survival) in a coastal and estuarine nursery in western Europe. Using a recent bioenergetics-based approach, we calculated annual macrobenthic food production (FP) and annual food consumption (FC) by juvenile fish and predatory invertebrates for three consecutive years (2008–2010). We also calculated exploitation efficiency (FC:FP) and used it as an index of food limitation. Results revealed substantial interannual variations in FP (FP ~2–3 times higher in 2008 and 2010 than in 2009). FC by young-of-the-year fish followed a fairly similar pattern. In addition, predatory invertebrates consumed as much food as juvenile fish, highlighting the need to consider all dominant epibenthic predators when estimating the overall predation pressure on macrobenthic prey. Lastly, exploitation efficiency of the entire epibenthic predator community reached ~30% in 2009, which is relatively hig...
Juvenile Fish Estuarine Nursery Importance For Species Conservation Annual Food Consumption Food Production Macrobenthic Prey Epibenthic Predator Food Supply Marine Fish Species Density-dependent Mechanisms
AI-powered Research feed
Introducing Weekly Round-ups!Beta
Round-ups are the summaries of handpicked papers around trending topics published every week. These would enable you to scan through a collection of papers and decide if the paper is relevant to you before actually investing time into reading it.
Climate change Research Articles published between Sep 19, 2022 to Sep 25, 2022
Sep 26, 2022
Articles Included: 5
Disaster Prevention and Management ISSN: 0965-3562 Article publication date: 20 September 2022 This paper applies the theory of cascading, interconnec...Read More
Disclaimer: All third-party content on this website/platform is and will remain the property of their respective owners and is provided on “as is” basis without any warranties, express or implied. Use of third-party content does not indicate any affiliation, sponsorship with or endorsement by them. Any references to third-party content is to identify the corresponding services and shall be considered fair use under The Copyright Law.