Annals of Applied Biology | VOL. 49
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Fluctuations in the aerial density of Anisopus fenestralis Scop. (Diptera) above sewage bacteria beds

Publication Date Mar 1, 1961

Abstract

SUMMARY Using a standard 9 in. diameter disc-dropping suction trap, the aerial density of Anisopus fenestralis above bacteria beds was assessed hourly on 410 24-hourly occasions over a period of 19 months, and the prevailing temperatures and wind velocities were recorded. Between o and 10 m.p.h. wind velocity there was a gradual rise in catch associated with a rise in temperature to an optimum, beyond which the catch decreased. This optimum fell as wind velocities rose; it occurred between 70° and 75° F. at winds between 2 and 4 m.p.h., at 65–70° F. with winds between 4 and 6 m.p.h. and at 60–65° F. between 6 and 8 m.p.h. At all temperatures between 30 and 80° F. the catch fell as wind velocity increased from o to 10 m.p.h. By comparing the dusk catches on successive days a significant positive correlation was found between the deviation in log catch from a 3-day running mean and the corresponding temperature deviation, except when the wind velocity deviation exceeded + 2. There was also a significant negative correlation between deviation in log catch from the running mean and the corresponding deviation in wind velocity, except when the temperature deviation exceeded — 2. The average regressions showed that for each °F. rise in temperature the log catch was raised by 0.14 and for each 1 m.p.h. rise in wind velocity the log catch was decreased by 0.19. Expressed arithmetically the catch was doubled by a 2.2° F. rise in temperature or by a fall in wind velocity of approximately 1.5 m.p.h. The aerial density ...

Concepts

Wind Velocity Rise In Temperature Indirect Climatic Effects Bacteria Beds Aerial Density Running Mean Gradual Rise Significant Negative Correlation Successive Days Significant Positive Correlation

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