Journal of Hazardous Materials | VOL. 148

Flammability limits of isobutane and its mixtures with various gases

Publication Date Sep 1, 2007


Flammability limits of isobutane and five kinds of binary mixtures of isobutane were measured by the ASHRAE method. Propane, nitrogen, carbon dioxide, chloroform, and HFC-125 (1,1,1,2,2-pentafluoroethane) were used as the counter part gases in the mixtures. The observed data were analyzed using the equations based on Le Chatelier's formula. The flammability limits of mixtures with propane were well explained by the original Le Chatelier's formula. The flammability limits of mixtures with nitrogen and the ones with carbon dioxide were adequately analyzed by the extended Le Chatelier's formula. It was found that the extended Le Chatelier's formula is also applicable to the flammability limits of mixtures with chloroform and HFC-125.


Le Chatelier's Formula Chatelier's Formula Flammability Limits Of Mixtures Le Chatelier ASHRAE Method Carbon Dioxide Original Formula Mixtures Of Isobutane Counter Part Flammability Limits

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