ICES Journal of Marine Science | VOL. 77

Fisheries for the future: greenhouse gas emission consequences of different fishery reference points

Publication Date May 1, 2020


Abstract Global fisheries have for long been scrutinized in terms of ecosystem effects but only more recently for their greenhouse gas emissions. These emissions are dominated by fuel use on fishing vessels and the levels are often neglected side effects of resource overexploitation. Using a simple production model, Pella-Tomlinson, we illustrate how fuel efficiency (fuel use per unit of catch) varies with the level of exploitation and biomass depletion. For this model, fuel use per unit catch rises hyperbolically with fishing effort—it is relatively flat at low levels of effort but rises steeply as effort increases and biomass and catch decline. In light of these findings, the general fuel efficiency relationship with common fishery reference points on stock status is discussed, as well as other means of reducing fuel use and thus greenhouse gas emissions. We conclude that much may be gained by considering fuel efficiency in setting reference points for target stock biomass in fisheries and encourage further investigations.

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Low Levels Of Effort
Fishery Reference Points
Simple Production Model
Greenhouse Gas Emissions
Biomass Depletion
Catch Decline
Stock Status
Common Reference Points
Reference Points
Common Reference

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