In January and March 2019, an inspection of 11 commercial ‘Hass’ avocado orchards in mid-North and Tauranga (New Zealand) was conducted by NZ Avocado Growers Association Inc. (NZAGA) and the samples were sent to Plant Diagnostics Limited for investigation of a newly observed fruit staining symptom termed “tannin stain”. Fruit symptoms consisted of areas of minute small spots which coalesced into areas of tear staining associated with water movement over the fruit’s surface (Supplementary Fig. 1). Up to seven trees per orchard were sampled targeting symptomatic fruit with the aim of determining the cause of the problem. Fruit was surface disinfected for 4 minutes in 1% sodium hypochlorite solution and sections from lesions were plated on agar medium (prune extract agar) to isolate any plant pathogens. The predominant fungi isolated, represented species in the Colletotrichum acutatum, C. gloeosporioides, and C. boninense species complexes. Since the morphological characters within these complexes overlap (see Supplementary Fig. 2 for examples), the isolates were differentiated by amplification and sequencing of the glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GPDH) gene and, where necessary, the calmodulin (CAL) gene and/or the Apn2-Mat1-2 intergenic spacer region (ApMat) locus (Weir et al., 2012; Rojas et al., 2010). The sequence analysis revealed eight Colletotrichum species comprising C. alienum, C. aotearoa, C. cigarro, C. fioriniae, C. fructicola, C. karstii, C. perseae, and C. siamense. This range included three species th...
Colletotrichum Species Avocado Orchards Sterile Water Gloeosporioides Species Complex Isolates In GenBank Control Fruit Black Acervuli Avocado Diseases Intergenic Spacer Region Sodium Hypochlorite Solution
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Round-ups are the summaries of handpicked papers around trending topics published every week. These would enable you to scan through a collection of papers and decide if the paper is relevant to you before actually investing time into reading it.
Climate change Research Articles published between Jan 23, 2023 to Jan 29, 2023
Jan 30, 2023
Articles Included: 3
Climate change adaptation has shifted from a single-dimension to an integrative approach that aligns with vulnerability and resilience concepts. Adapt...Read More
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