Plant Disease
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First report of Cladosporium cladosporioides causing leaf blight on Sambucus chinensis in China

Publication Date Aug 30, 2022

Abstract

Sambucus chinensis, belonging to the Caprifoliaceae family, is an economically large herb plant that is widely cultivated in southern China for its good ornamental characteristics, edible properties, and medicinal values. In July 2021, symptoms of leaf spot were observed on Sambucus chinensis plants in two fields of Chongqing Medicinal Botanical Garden (29º8’26” N, 107º13’23” E) in Nanchuan city, Chongqing, China. Disease incidence was approximately 35 and 50% for each field. The symptoms were initially yellow or black irregular spots on leaves, and then increased to larger dark brown lesions. Finally, the entire infected leaf was blighted, withering, curl and abscission. Ten blight leaves were randomly sampled from fields. Tissues were cut into small pieces and surface sterilized with 75% ethanol for 30 s and sterilized in 2% sodium hypochlorite for 2 min, rinsed thrice with sterile distilled water, plated on potato dextrose agar (PDA) plates, and incubated at 25°C for 7 days in the dark. Later, 20 isolates were obtained from the infected leaves and had similar characteristics. Three isolates were randomly selected (CQ81, CQ82, CQ83) for the further study. Colonies on PDA were olive-green to brown with a velvety texture. Conidia (n=30) were pale- to olive-brown, smooth to verruculose and produced in long, branched chains which were easily disarticulate, single celled, and elliptical to limoniform, and measured as 2.51~4.29 × 1.63~2.14 μm. Conidiophores were solitary, straight or flexous, often unbranched. The DNA of three ...

Concepts

Internal Transcribed Spacer Sterile Distilled Water Potato Dextrose Agar Symptoms Of Leaf Spot Chinensis In China Translation Elongation Factor 1-alpha Velvety Texture Sambucus Chinensis Bootstrap Support Leaf Disease

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No potential conflict of interest was reported by the authors. The conception and design of the study, acquisition of data, analysis and interpretatio...

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