Abstract

Brilliant Rasbora (Rasbora einthoveni) called “Seluang” is the one of local fish in Bangka Island. This fish widely distributes from Malaysia Peninsular, Sumatera (North Sumatera-Lampung Province), Kalimantan and the record of morphological character is until Sri Lanka, Laos to Thailand. The genetic status of this fish was unrecorded from Bangka Island. This research aimed to record the genetic status of Rasbora einthovenii compared with the same species in another region using cytochrome oxidase c subunit one (COI) gene. Analysis of maximum likelihood phylogenetic reconstruction of the Kimura 2-parameter model, which is implemented in MEGA 10 with 1000 replicates bootstrapping data sets. The result showed that phylogenetic tree of Rasbora einthovenii from Bangka Island is related closely with the sample from Selangor, Malaysia, and Aquarium Retailers in UK with the genetic distance about 0% means very similar. The samples from Pahang, Malaysia showed the genetic distance is about 3% and samples from Jambi, Indonesia is about 6%. It means that the genetic profile of Rasbora einthovenii from Bangka Belitung Island are the same species as well as from Selangor, Malaysia also the samples from Aquarium Retailers in UK.

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