Journal of General Internal Medicine
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Factors Associated with Sustained Virologic Response to Hepatitis C Treatment in a Homeless-Experienced Cohort in Boston, 2014–2020

Publication Date Sep 20, 2022

Abstract

Engaging people experiencing homelessness or unstable housing in hepatitis C virus (HCV) treatment is critical to achieving HCV elimination. To describe HCV treatment outcomes, including factors associated with retention through the treatment cascade, for a cohort of individuals treated in a homeless health center in Boston. Retrospective cohort study. All individuals who initiated HCV treatment with Boston Health Care for the Homeless Program's HCV treatment program between January 2014 and March 2020 (N = 867). The primary outcome was sustained virologic response (SVR), defined as an HCV ribonucleic acid (RNA) level ≤ 15 IU/mL at least 12 weeks after treatment completion. We used multivariable logistic regression to examine the association between baseline variables and SVR. Process-oriented outcomes included treatment completion, assessment for SVR, and achievement of SVR. Of 867 individuals who started HCV treatment, 796 (91.8%) completed treatment, 678 (78.2%) were assessed for SVR, and 607 (70.0%) achieved SVR. In adjusted analysis, residing in stable housing (OR 3.83, 95% CI 1.85-7.90) and age > 45 years old (OR 1.53, 95% CI 1.04-2.26) were associated with a greater likelihood of achieving SVR. Recent drug use (OR 0.63, 95% CI 0.41-0.95) was associated with a lower likelihood of SVR. Age, housing status, and drug use status impacted retention at every step in the treatment cascade. A large proportion of homeless-experienced individuals engaging in HCV treatment in a homeless health center achieved SVR, but enhanced ap...

Concepts

Hepatitis C Virus Treatment Sustained Virologic Response Hepatitis C Virus Started Hepatitis C Virus Treatment Hepatitis C Virus Treatment Program Hepatitis C Virus Ribonucleic Acid Initiated Hepatitis C Virus Treatment Achievement Of Sustained Virologic Response Treatment Cascade Unstable Housing

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