Abstract

Recently, multiple studies have suggested that exceptional points (EPs) in lossless nonlinear optical systems can minimize quantum noise arising from the material gain and loss in conventional non-Hermitian systems, offering the possibility of quantum EP sensing. Meanwhile, nonlinear SU(1,1) interferometers have been established as useful in sensing due to their reduced quantum noise. In this work, we demonstrate the existence of EPs in a dual-beam SU(1,1) interferometer with two nonlinear parametric amplifiers. Our analysis of the input-output matrix in terms of joint quadrature amplitudes shows that EPs can be linked to both high signal, through a zero matrix element, and low noise, through noise preservation, in sensing by selecting an appropriate operation gauge of the quadrature amplitudes. Additionally, for a multistage SU(1,1) interferometer, EPs of the overall input-output matrix form multiple bands of high signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) which further separate into two phases indicated by the EPs of the transfer matrix of a repeating unit. Our investigations demonstrate the significance of quantum EPs in quantum interferometer sensing and broaden the operating regimes from diabolical points in some of the conventional SU(1,1) interferometers to EPs while still maintaining a high SNR.

Full Text

Published Version
Open DOI Link

Get access to 115M+ research papers

Discover from 40M+ Open access, 2M+ Pre-prints, 9.5M Topics and 32K+ Journals.

Sign Up Now! It's FREE

Talk to us

Join us for a 30 min session where you can share your feedback and ask us any queries you have

Schedule a call