World Neurosurgery | VOL. 167
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Evaluation of Occluded Distal Vessels with Variable Flip-Angle 3-Dimensional Turbo Spin-Echo Magnetic Resonance Imaging Before Acute Mechanical Thrombectomy

Publication Date Nov 1, 2022

Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate the course of occluded distal vessels before mechanical thrombectomy (MT) for acute large vessel occlusion (LVO) with non-contrast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The variable flip-angle three-dimensional turbo spin-echo (VRFA-3D-TSE) method was used to evaluate the course of occluded distal vessels quickly and clearly in acute LVO cases before MT. Patients with acute LVO who were indicated for MT between April 2021 and March 2022 were examined by the VRFA-3D-TSE method to evaluate the distal course of occluded vessels. We included internal carotid artery (ICA) occlusion, M1 occlusion of the middle cerebral artery, and basilar artery (BA) occlusion. Preoperative images were compared to the angiographic findings after recanalization or with follow-up magnetic resonance angiography, and the results were assessed by 2 endovascular treatment specialists as excellent, good, or poor imaging. MT was performed in a total of 27 patients. There were 17 patients with intracranial occlusion of the ICA, M1, and BA. Occlusion was found in the intracranial ICA in 6 patients, the M1 in 7, and the BA in 4. VRFA-3D-TSE MRI was performed in all patients, and the imaging was rated (by the 2assessors) as excellent in 12 of 17 and 14 of 17 cases, good in 5 of 17 and 3 of 17 cases, and poor in 0 of 17 cases. In patients with acute LVO, VRFA-3D-TSE MRI enabled rapid and good depiction of the course of occluded distal vessels before MT without the use of contrast medium.

Concepts

Acute Large Vessel Occlusion Mechanical Thrombectomy Turbo Spin-Echo Magnetic Resonance Imaging Basilar Artery Non-contrast Magnetic Resonance Imaging Follow-up Magnetic Resonance Angiography Acute Mechanical Thrombectomy Distal Course Large Vessel Occlusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging

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