International Journal of Ophthalmology | VOL. 15

Evaluation of nintedanib as a new postoperative antiscarring agent in experimental extraocular muscle surgery

Publication Date Jun 18, 2022


AIM: To investigate the efficacy of nintedanib on reducing postoperative inflammation, fibrosis and adhesion formation following extraocular muscle surgery in rabbits in comparison with triamcinolone acetonide (TA). METHODS: Reinsertion of superior rectus muscle in right eyes of 30 New Zealand white rabbits were performed. They were randomized to receive one of the following treatments: 0.9% normal saline, one of 1-, 5-, and 10 μmol doses of nintedanib subconjunctivally immediately after surgery and on postoperative day 1, 2, 3, 5, and 7, and TA immediately after surgery. As a control group, unoperated left eyes (n=6) were used. On the 28th day, six eyes from each group were enucleated and histopathologically and immunohistochemically analyzed to assess the postoperative inflammatory changes, fibrosis and adhesion. Transforming growth factor beta, matrix metalloproteinase-2 and alpha smooth muscle actin expressions were evaluated. RESULTS: Conjunctival and scleral inflammation in TA and nintedanib groups were significantly reduced compared to saline (sham) group. Conjunctival vascularity and rectus muscle fibrosis were significantly reduced in 10 µmol nintedanib group. Nintedanib groups were the most effective groups in reduction of perimuscular fibrosis. Neither three nintedanib groups nor TA group differed statistically from sham group with regard to adhesion. The expressions of transforming growth factor beta, alpha smooth muscle actin and matrix metalloproteinase-2 were reduced in nintedanib groups compared to saline gro...

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Nintedanib Groups
Extraocular Muscle Surgery
Triamcinolone Acetonide
Sham Group
Alpha Smooth Muscle Actin Expressions
Postoperative Fibrosis
Triamcinolone Acetonide Group
Matrix Metalloproteinase-2
Conjunctival Vascularity
Alpha Smooth Muscle Actin

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