International Journal of Ophthalmology | VOL. 15
Read

Evaluation of nintedanib as a new postoperative antiscarring agent in experimental extraocular muscle surgery

Publication Date Jun 18, 2022

Abstract

AIM: To investigate the efficacy of nintedanib on reducing postoperative inflammation, fibrosis and adhesion formation following extraocular muscle surgery in rabbits in comparison with triamcinolone acetonide (TA). METHODS: Reinsertion of superior rectus muscle in right eyes of 30 New Zealand white rabbits were performed. They were randomized to receive one of the following treatments: 0.9% normal saline, one of 1-, 5-, and 10 μmol doses of nintedanib subconjunctivally immediately after surgery and on postoperative day 1, 2, 3, 5, and 7, and TA immediately after surgery. As a control group, unoperated left eyes (n=6) were used. On the 28th day, six eyes from each group were enucleated and histopathologically and immunohistochemically analyzed to assess the postoperative inflammatory changes, fibrosis and adhesion. Transforming growth factor beta, matrix metalloproteinase-2 and alpha smooth muscle actin expressions were evaluated. RESULTS: Conjunctival and scleral inflammation in TA and nintedanib groups were significantly reduced compared to saline (sham) group. Conjunctival vascularity and rectus muscle fibrosis were significantly reduced in 10 µmol nintedanib group. Nintedanib groups were the most effective groups in reduction of perimuscular fibrosis. Neither three nintedanib groups nor TA group differed statistically from sham group with regard to adhesion. The expressions of transforming growth factor beta, alpha smooth muscle actin and matrix metalloproteinase-2 were reduced in nintedanib groups compared to saline gro...

Concepts
Powered ByUnsilo

Nintedanib Groups
Extraocular Muscle Surgery
Triamcinolone Acetonide
Sham Group
Alpha Smooth Muscle Actin Expressions
Postoperative Fibrosis
Triamcinolone Acetonide Group
Matrix Metalloproteinase-2
Conjunctival Vascularity
Alpha Smooth Muscle Actin

Introducing Weekly Round-ups!Beta

Powered by R DiscoveryR Discovery

Round-ups are the summaries of handpicked papers around trending topics published every week. These would enable you to scan through a collection of papers and decide if the paper is relevant to you before actually investing time into reading it.

Climate change Research Articles published between Jun 20, 2022 to Jun 26, 2022

R DiscoveryJun 27, 2022
R DiscoveryArticles Included:  2

One eighth of the bird species in the world is considered globally threatened; the avifauna of Iraq comprises 409 species and is considered as the maj...

Read More

Coronavirus Pandemic

You can also read COVID related content on R COVID-19

R ProductsCOVID-19

ONE PROBLEM . ONE PURPOSE . ONE PLACE

Creating the world’s largest AI-driven & human-curated collection of research, news, expert recommendations and educational resources on COVID-19

COVID-19 Dashboard