Abstract

Considerable science links diets lower in sodium and sugar-sweetened beverage consumption with better health outcomes.This study describes the evaluation process and outcomes of intervention strategies to reduce sodium in foods and sugar in beverages as part of a collaborative partnership between state public health, academic, community, and healthcare partners in Massachusetts, US.This quasi-experimental, pre-post study used nutrient data linked to observations of foods and beverages available in cafeterias and vending machines in four community healthcare settings to inform intervention strategies and evaluate changes.At post-assessment, beverages with no or very low sugar were significantly more prevalent in vending machines (OR = 1.93, p < 0.001) and cafeterias (OR = 1.83, p = 0.01) and low-sodium packaged foods were significantly more prevalent in cafeterias (OR = 2.45, p < 0.001), but not vending machines.These types of partnerships and tailored feedback and technical assistance strategies may support healthier food and beverage options within healthcare settings that serve patients, their families, and employees each day.

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