Abstract

Ground granulated blast-furnace slag (GGBFS) is well known to be capable of improving the performance of cement-based materials, but few studies focus on the impact of its large dosage on concrete containing basalt powder. In this study, the compressive strength and chloride permeability of cement-based materials with compound mineral admixtures (CMAs) containing high-volume GGBFS, basalt powder and desulfurisation gypsum were investigated. The results showed that the mortar strengths at 3, 7 and 28 days decreased with increasing GGBFS content, but that at 56 and 84 days increased with the addition of 45 wt% GGBFS. This is because the activity of GGBFS at an early stage has not been stimulated and the pozzolanic effect is exerted at a later stage. Moreover, cement replacement with up to 55 wt% GGBFS caused a significant decrease in the chloride diffusion coefficient of the mortar and concrete. Furthermore, the incorporation of GGBFS led to a remarkable refinement in pore structure of the hardened paste due to pozzolanic and filler effects. Therefore, the partial replacement of cement with high CMA contents (≥70 wt%) in concrete is desirable for ocean projects requiring low chloride permeability, and significantly reduces carbon dioxide emissions.

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