World Journal of Surgery | VOL. 46
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Evaluating the Impact of Preoperative Geriatric-Specific Variables and Modified Frailty Index on Postoperative Outcomes After Elective Pancreatic Surgery

Publication Date Sep 8, 2022

Abstract

Pursuing pancreatic resection in elderly patients is often complex and limited by concern for functional status and postoperative risk. This study examines the associations between two different preoperative functional status metrics with postoperative outcomes in the geriatric population. Patients who participated in the ACS NSQIP Geriatric Surgery Research File pilot program (2014-2018) undergoing elective pancreatic operations were included. Two clinically meaningful functional status scores were calculated: the presence of one or more geriatric-specific variable (GSV) and a 5-factor modified frailty index (mFI-5). Multivariable logistic regression adjusting for ACS NSQIP-estimated risk was performed to evaluate associations between preoperative GSV, mFI-5 and 30-day outcome measures. A total of 1266 patients were included: 808 (64%) age 65-74, 302 (24%) age 75-80, and 156 (12%) age ≥ 81; 843 (67%) patients underwent pancreatoduodenectomy. Operations were performed for pancreatic adenocarcinoma in 712 (56%) patients. Older patients had greater likelihood of postoperative morbidity (35% vs 31% vs 47%, by age group, p = 0.004) and discharge to a facility (12% vs 23% vs 48%, by age group, p < 0.001). Adjusting for ACS NSQIP predicted risk, patients with a preoperative GSV were more likely to require reoperation and discharge to a facility (OR 1.81 [95% CI 1.03-3.16] and 3.95 [95% CI 2.91-5.38], respectively). The mFI-5 was not associated with postoperative outcomes (all p ≥ 0.18). The presence of a preoperative GSV is ass...

Concepts

5-factor Modified Frailty Index Resection In Elderly Patients Elective Pancreatic Surgery Elective Pancreatic Resection Postoperative Outcomes Modified Frailty Index Preoperative Functional Status Functional Status Pancreatic Resection Postoperative Risk

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