This study seeks to determine households’ determinants of food insecurity among rural households in Woliso district, South Western Ethiopia. The main objective of this study is to identify factors influencing food insecurity in the study area. The study used household-level survey data collected from 122 sample households in Woliso district, and systematic random sampling technique was employed to select the sample households. Calorie acquisition by households was used to categorize the sample households into food secure and food insecure. Accordingly, results of descriptive analysis show that about 25.4 % and 74.6 % of the sample households were found to be food insecure and food secure, respectively. Comparison of percentage of food insecurity was also conducted between two-groups for some discrete variables, and results revealed that food insecurity significantly varies between the two groups. Results of the logit model showed that household’s education level, dependency ratio, amount of amount of land and amount of fertilize have significantly influenced the level of food insecurity in the study area. Policy interventions aimed to change food security situation in the study area need to be diversified by focusing on enhancing family planning programs, promoting access to basic education to rural households and efficient functioning of land markets. Key words: Food insecurity, calorie acquisition, logit model, Woliso district.


  • Food security is one of the major world agenda in 2018 in several contexts

  • This study has examined determinants of food security among rural households in Woliso district, South Western Ethiopia

  • Even though the descriptive result supports the importance of chemical fertilizer in enhancing food security, the econometric result invalidates the positive association between fertilizer use and improvement in food security

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Food security is one of the major world agenda in 2018 in several contexts. In 2017 about 124 million people in 51 countries faced food security crisis (FSIN, 2018). According to FSIN (2018), conflict and insecurity are the major drivers of food insecurity in eighteen countries, and the number of food-insecure people across the world has been increasing over time. Food security situation in Ethiopia deteriorated sharply in 2017. In Ethiopia, the number of food-insecure population was increased from 5.6 million in December 2016 to 8.5 million in August 2017 (ACAPS, 2018). An estimated 3.6 million children and women in Ethiopia were acutely malnourished in 2017 (IFRC, 2018)


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