Sustainability | VOL. 12

Energy–Finance–Growth Nexus in ASEAN-5 Countries: An ARDL Bounds Test Approach

Publication Date Dec 18, 2019


This study examines the relationship between energy consumption, financial development and economic growth for ASEAN-5 countries, namely Malaysia, Indonesia, the Philippines, Singapore and Thailand, over the period from 1980 to 2017. Finance–growth and energy–growth relationships have been well researched; however, the energy–finance–growth nexus is an equally important but less explored area. Our Auto Regressive Distributed Lags (ARDL) bounds test for cointegration results suggests that the variables tend to move together in the long run for all countries, apart from Indonesia. Our study also considers the effect of a structural break due to financial crisis and confirms that the break does not affect the long-term relationship among the variables; in other words, the financial crisis does not affect the energy–finance–growth nexus. Hence, considering the consistency of energy consumption, the importance of the energy sector must not be undermined, and appropriate energy policies are instrumental in maintaining a well-managed financial sector for sustainable economic growth.


Autoregressive Distributed Lags Finance Growth Financial Development Effect Of Break Energy Policies ASEAN-5 Countries Financial Crisis Energy Consumption Growth Economic Growth Energy Consumption

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