The Journal of Chemical Physics | VOL. 39
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Energy Exchange between a Hot Tungsten Surface and Cold Gases

Publication Date Aug 15, 1963

Abstract

The exchange of energy between a tungsten filament heated at 1710° to 2500°K and cold helium, neon, argon, nitrogen, and carbon dioxide was studied at gas pressures from 0.1 to 10 μ Hg. The exchange of energy was found to be directly proportional to the gas pressure in the 1‐ to 10‐μ range but essentially independent of the filament temperature. The results are interpreted in terms of a process in which the impinging gas molecules are first physically adsorbed, then heated until they gain sufficient thermal energy to overcome the attractive forces of the tungsten surface. On the average, the gas molecules then desorb at a critical temperature that is independent of the filament temperature. For the gases studied, the critical temperatures lie between 580° and 1070°K. Reaction efficiencies of oxygen and carbon dioxide were calculated from the irreversible change in the rate of power consumption of the filament produced by introduction of these gases.

Concepts

Impinging Gas Molecules Hot Tungsten Surface Cold Helium Tungsten Surface Carbon Dioxide Exchange Of Energy Cold Gases Irreversible Change Gas Molecules Gas Pressure

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