Journal of Cleaner Production | VOL. 112

Energy-efficient thermal treatment of sewage sludge for its application in blended cements

Publication Date Jan 1, 2016


Abstract Although landfilling and disposal into the ocean present still the most common methods used in the sewage sludge management, the share of recycling and reuse based on drying and incineration procedures continuously increases during the last decades. In this paper, an energy-efficient thermal treatment of sewage sludge is proposed, aimed at its use in blended cements. A practical application of the designed treatment is performed for the sewage sludge obtained from the municipal wastewater treatment plant in Patras, Greece. The material characterization shows that the sludge thermally treated at 700 °C has significant amounts of silica, alumina, calcium oxide and iron oxide, while the content of amorphous phase is 41%, which results in a good pozzolanic activity. The mechanical properties of hardened cement pastes prepared using blended Portland cement-thermally treated sewage sludge binders are after the 28-days curing period not satisfactory yet, indicating that a substantial part of the sludge acts still as filler only. This discrepancy between the pozzolanic activity and mechanical tests can be explained by too coarse sludge particles which slow down the pozzolanic reaction. The results of chemical tests show that the safe limit for the practical use of sewage sludge as partial Portland cement replacement is 10%, which is mainly due to the relatively high content of chlorides and alkalis. This limit can though be increased by the removal of soluble salts from the raw sludge using water treatment. The life cycle a...


Thermal Treatment Of Sludge Thermal Treatment Of Sewage Sludge Removal Of Soluble Salts Partial Portland Cement Replacement Use In Blended Cements Sewage Sludge Treatment Of Sewage Sludge Content Of Amorphous Phase Blended Cements Sewage Sludge Management

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