European Journal of Clinical Nutrition | VOL. 58

Energy density of foods and beverages in the Australian food supply: influence of macronutrients and comparison to dietary intake

Publication Date Jun 2, 2004


The energy density (ED) of the diet is considered an important determinant of total energy intake and thus energy balance and weight change. We aimed to compare relationships between ED and macronutrient content in individual food and beverage items as well as population diet in a typical Western country. Nutrient data for 3673 food items and 247 beverage items came from the Australian Food and Nutrient database (AusNut). Food and beverage intake data came from the 1995 Australian National Nutrition Survey (a 24-h dietary recall survey in 13 858 people over the age of 2). Relationships between ED and macronutrient and water content were analysed by linear regression with 95% prediction bands. For both individual food items and population food intake, there was a positive relationship between ED and percent energy as fat and negative relationships between ED and percent energy as carbohydrate and percent water by weight. In all cases, there was close agreement between the slopes of the regression lines between food items and dietary intake. There were no clear relationships between ED and macronutrient content for beverage items. Carbohydrate (mostly sucrose) contributed 91, 47, and 25% of total energy for sugar-based, fat-based, and alcohol-based beverages respectively. The relationship between ED and fat content of foods holds true across both population diets and individual food items available in the food supply in a typical Western country such as Australia. As high-fat diets are associated with a high BMI, population me...


Energy Density Of Foods Individual Food Items Food Items Energy Density Beverage Items Australian Food Supply Influence Of Macronutrients Percent Energy Individual Items Australian Food

Round-ups are the summaries of handpicked papers around trending topics published every week. These would enable you to scan through a collection of papers and decide if the paper is relevant to you before actually investing time into reading it.

Climate change Research Articles published between Jan 16, 2023 to Jan 22, 2023

R DiscoveryJan 23, 2023
R DiscoveryArticles Included:  5

Carbon capture and utilization (CCU) is an emerging technology with commercial potential to convert atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) into net zero or ...

Read More

Quality Of Education Research Articles published between Jan 16, 2023 to Jan 22, 2023

R DiscoveryJan 23, 2023
R DiscoveryArticles Included:  2

Introduction: The Educational Scholar Program (ESP) is a creative method to focus on the quality of education and the scholarship of education. The ed...

Read More

Gender Equality Research Articles published between Jan 16, 2023 to Jan 22, 2023

R DiscoveryJan 23, 2023
R DiscoveryArticles Included:  5

This study deviates from the predominantly feminist/critical school of thought associated with existing gender studies to apply an interpretivist appr...

Read More

Coronavirus Pandemic

You can also read COVID related content on R COVID-19

R ProductsCOVID-19


Creating the world’s largest AI-driven & human-curated collection of research, news, expert recommendations and educational resources on COVID-19

COVID-19 Dashboard

Disclaimer: All third-party content on this website/platform is and will remain the property of their respective owners and is provided on “as is” basis without any warranties, express or implied. Use of third-party content does not indicate any affiliation, sponsorship with or endorsement by them. Any references to third-party content is to identify the corresponding services and shall be considered fair use under The Copyright Law.