Applied Energy | VOL. 67

Energy content and indirect greenhouse gas emissions embedded in ‘emission-free’ power plants: results for the Low Countries

Publication Date Nov 1, 2000


In the absence of direct sources of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions (i.e. combustion), other sources of emission become dominant in so-called ‘emission-free' power plants. In this study the indirect GHG emissions, related to construction of nuclear plants, windfarms and photovoltaic plants, are estimated with two different types of life-cycle assessment. The process-chain analysis divides an investment good into its material components (tons of material) and then unravels the entire production process of each material product. The energy required in, and the GHG emissions related to, the construction of the power plant are obtained by integration over all process steps and summation over all material products. The input/output analysis looks at the different economic sectors called on in the construction of the power plant. The sectors that represent a part of the total cost of the power plant are responsible for the amount of energy used (and the corresponding GHG emissions) to deliver their final product. A result is provided by detailed analysis of all relevant sectors and fitting them into the construction phase. Using similar techniques, energy use and GHG emissions related to maintenance and demolition, including storage of nuclear equipment, can be quantified. For construction, maintenance and demolition of these power plants, following orders of magnitude are obtained: nuclear: 40kJprim/kWhel, 3gCO2/kWhel; wind(coast): 120kJprim/kWhel, 9gCO2/kWhel; wind(inland): 350kJprim/kWhel, 25gCO2/kWhel; PV(1998): 3000kJprim/kWhe...


Greenhouse Gas Emissions Power Plant Tons Of Material Construction Of Plant Energy Use Indirect Emissions Sources Of Greenhouse Gas Emissions Photovoltaic Plants Sources Of Emission Construction Phase

Round-ups are the summaries of handpicked papers around trending topics published every week. These would enable you to scan through a collection of papers and decide if the paper is relevant to you before actually investing time into reading it.

Coronavirus Research Articles published between Jan 30, 2023 to Feb 05, 2023

R DiscoveryFeb 06, 2023
R DiscoveryArticles Included:  5

The Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus type 2 (SARS-CoV-2), belongs to emerging and reemergi...

Read More

Climate change Research Articles published between Jan 30, 2023 to Feb 05, 2023

R DiscoveryFeb 06, 2023
R DiscoveryArticles Included:  3

Introduction: The IOC and the Olympic Games have made a visible transition toward sustainability in the last two decades. While the IOC has acknowledg...

Read More

Gender Equality Research Articles published between Jan 30, 2023 to Feb 05, 2023

R DiscoveryFeb 06, 2023
R DiscoveryArticles Included:  5

Gender inequity in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Medicine (STEM) fields, including parasitology, continues to limit the participation of women...

Read More

Coronavirus Pandemic

You can also read COVID related content on R COVID-19

R ProductsCOVID-19


Creating the world’s largest AI-driven & human-curated collection of research, news, expert recommendations and educational resources on COVID-19

COVID-19 Dashboard

Disclaimer: All third-party content on this website/platform is and will remain the property of their respective owners and is provided on “as is” basis without any warranties, express or implied. Use of third-party content does not indicate any affiliation, sponsorship with or endorsement by them. Any references to third-party content is to identify the corresponding services and shall be considered fair use under The Copyright Law.