The Energy Journal | VOL. 28
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Energy and Carbon Dynamics at Advanced Stages of Development: An Analysis of the U.S. States, 1960-1999

Publication Date Jan 1, 2007

Abstract

This paper explores the relationships among per capita income, energy consumption, and carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) emissions by focusing on a set of economies at advanced stages of development, the U.S. states. Energy consumption and emissions grew 50-60 percent on average over the 1960-1999 period. The states' per capita energy consumption and emissions have grown on average 2 percent annually. The energy consumption income elasticity is positive but decreasing in income, although energy production takes an inverted- U shape, reflecting the electricity imports among high income states. The standard CO 2 measure, corresponding to energy production, is characterized by an inverted- U environmental Kuznets curve. Adjusting emissions for interstate electricity trade yields an emissions-income relationship that peaks and plateaus. The carbon intensity of energy declines with income for total energy consumption and the industrial, residential, and commercial sectors.

Concepts

Capita Energy Consumption High Income States Energy Consumption Environmental Kuznets Curve Set Of Economies Capita Carbon Dioxide Emissions Capita Energy Capita Carbon Dioxide Commercial Sectors Carbon Dynamics

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No potential conflict of interest was reported by the authors. The conception and design of the study, acquisition of data, analysis and interpretatio...

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