JAMA | VOL. 308

Ending Preventable Child Death in a Generation

Publication Date Jul 11, 2012


DURING THE PAST 20 YEARS, THERE HAS BEEN A SUBstantial decline in mortality among children younger than 5 years from 12.0 million deaths in 1990 to 7.6 million in 2010. In these decades alone, global health and development efforts have saved the lives of more than 50 million children, half of them by preventing deaths due to pneumonia, diarrhea, and measles. This improvement in child survival was catalyzed in part by setting aspirational global targets such as the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). As 2015 approaches, and with it a final assessment of progress toward MDG 4 on reducing child mortality, it is appropriate to consider a post-2015 vision for child health. A new common vision for a global commitment to end all preventable child deaths is needed. Such a vision will not be compelling unless it can be tied to concrete and measurable benchmarks at the global and country levels that are both ambitious and plausible. In this Viewpoint, a new benchmark is detailed: that all countries achieve a national under-5 mortality rate (U5MR) of no more than 20 deaths per 1000 live births by 2035 and that the global average U5MR should decline to 15 deaths per 1000 in 2035. Of 195 countries, 98 already have U5MRs of 20 per 1000 or fewer; 43 countries would be expected to reach this goal by 2035 at current annual rates of reduction (ARRs), and 54 countries would have to accelerate progress above the 2000-2010 ARRs. The proposed U5MR benchmark of 20 deaths per 1000 live births is supported by modeling analyses by UNICEF as well as ...


Annual Rates Of Reduction Under-5 Mortality Rate Antibiotics For Treatment Of Sepsis SUBstantial Decline In Mortality Chlorhexidine Cord Care Democratic Republic Of The Congo Improve Child Survival Severe Neonatal Infections Fogarty International Center Millennium Development Goals

Round-ups are the summaries of handpicked papers around trending topics published every week. These would enable you to scan through a collection of papers and decide if the paper is relevant to you before actually investing time into reading it.

Coronavirus Research Articles published between Jan 30, 2023 to Feb 05, 2023

R DiscoveryFeb 06, 2023
R DiscoveryArticles Included:  5

The Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus type 2 (SARS-CoV-2), belongs to emerging and reemergi...

Read More

Climate change Research Articles published between Jan 30, 2023 to Feb 05, 2023

R DiscoveryFeb 06, 2023
R DiscoveryArticles Included:  3

Introduction: The IOC and the Olympic Games have made a visible transition toward sustainability in the last two decades. While the IOC has acknowledg...

Read More

Gender Equality Research Articles published between Jan 30, 2023 to Feb 05, 2023

R DiscoveryFeb 06, 2023
R DiscoveryArticles Included:  5

Gender inequity in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Medicine (STEM) fields, including parasitology, continues to limit the participation of women...

Read More

Coronavirus Pandemic

You can also read COVID related content on R COVID-19

R ProductsCOVID-19


Creating the world’s largest AI-driven & human-curated collection of research, news, expert recommendations and educational resources on COVID-19

COVID-19 Dashboard

Disclaimer: All third-party content on this website/platform is and will remain the property of their respective owners and is provided on “as is” basis without any warranties, express or implied. Use of third-party content does not indicate any affiliation, sponsorship with or endorsement by them. Any references to third-party content is to identify the corresponding services and shall be considered fair use under The Copyright Law.