Communications Biology | VOL. 2
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Endangered island endemic plants have vulnerable genomes

Publication Date Jun 27, 2019

Abstract

Loss of genetic diversity is known to decrease the fitness of species and is a critical factor that increases extinction risk. However, there is little evidence for higher vulnerability and extinction risk in endangered species based on genomic differences between endangered and non-endangered species. This is true even in the case of functional loci, which are more likely to relate to the fitness of species than neutral loci. Here, we compared the genome-wide genetic diversity, proportion of duplicated genes (PD), and accumulation of deleterious variations of endangered island endemic (EIE) plants from four genera with those of their non-endangered (NE) widespread congeners. We focused on exhaustive sequences of expressed genes obtained by RNA sequencing. Most EIE species exhibited significantly lower genetic diversity and PD than NE species. Additionally, all endangered species accumulated deleterious variations. Our findings provide new insights into the genomic traits of EIE species.

Concepts

Endangered Species Proportion Of Duplicated Genes Loss Of Genetic Diversity Increases Extinction Risk Non-endangered Species Widespread Congeners Fitness Of Species Genetic Diversity Neutral Loci Deleterious Variations

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