Environmental Science and Pollution Research | VOL. 26

Empirics on influencing mechanisms among energy, finance, trade, environment, and economic growth: a heterogeneous dynamic panel data analysis of China

Publication Date Mar 11, 2019


The current study empirically examines the influencing mechanisms among energy consumption, financial development, international trade, environment, and economic growth for 29 Chinese provinces and cities for periods 1997 to 2016. A new augmented growth model has been developed, introducing financial development as a shift factor of aggregate production, international trade as determinant of total factor productivity, and energy consumption as input of production function. The key empirical findings include (1) financial development exposed dual nature in terms of its influence on energy consumption and carbon emissions. Banking-based financial development is revealed to add in energy consumption and carbon emissions, while stock market-based financial development curtailed energy consumption and mitigated the carbon emissions, improving the environmental quality, (2) GDP growth is uncovered to add to international trade with varying magnitudes in all samples; however international trade imparted negative to neutral to positive influence on GDP growth in W-region, C-region, and E-region, respectively. It is named as competitiveness driven growth deceleration/neutrality/acceleration influence. It states that as regions/countries develop, the domestic industry gets competitive in international trade markets; consequently, the influence of international trade on economic growth transforms from negative to neutral to positive, (3) both type of financial development measures imparted significant positive influence on GDP growth w...


Financial Development International Trade Influence Of International Trade GDP Growth Augmented Growth Model Energy Consumption Carbon Emissions Energy Carbon Emissions Influencing Mechanisms Economic Growth

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