Sustainability | VOL. 10

Empirical Study towards the Drivers of Sustainable Economic Growth in EU-28 Countries

Publication Date Dec 21, 2017


This study aims at empirically investigating the drivers of sustainable economic growth in EU-28 countries. By means of panel data regression models, in the form of fixed and random effects models, alongside system generalized method of moments, we examine several drivers of real gross domestic product (GDP) growth rate, as follows: higher education, business environment, infrastructure, technology, communications, and media, population lifestyle, and demographic changes. As regards higher education, the empirical results show that expenditure per student in higher education and traditional 18–22 year-old students are positively linked with sustainable economic growth, whereas science and technology graduates negatively influence real GDP growth. In terms of business environment, total expenditure on research and development and employment rates of recent graduates contributes to sustainable development, but corruption perceptions index revealed a negative association with economic growth. As well, the results provide support for a negative influence of infrastructure abreast technological measures on economic growth. Besides, we found a negative connection between old-age dependency ratio and sustainable economic growth.


Drivers Of Sustainable Economic Growth Real Gross Domestic Product Growth Terms Of Business Environment Sustainable Economic Growth Drivers Of Economic Growth Gross Domestic Product Growth Sustainable Growth EU-28 Countries Dependency Ratio Student In Higher Education

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No potential conflict of interest was reported by the authors. The conception and design of the study, acquisition of data, analysis and interpretatio...

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