Revista Brasileira de Ciência do Solo | VOL. 35
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Emissão de gases do efeito estufa em diferentes usos da terra no bioma Cerrado

Publication Date Feb 1, 2011

Abstract

The conversion of native forests by cutting and burning into farming areas leads to alterations in the dynamics of soil organic matter, with changes in emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs: CO2, CH4 and N2O) from the biosphere to the atmosphere. These cause an average temperature rise and, consequently, global climate change. The aim of this study was to examine relationships between the fluxes of CO2, CH4 and N2O with moisture, microbial biomass and inorganic N forms in soil with different land uses in the Cerrado biome (Rio Verde county, State of Goias - Brazil). The climate (Koppen-Geiger) was classified as Aw and the soil as Latossolo Vermelho distrofico caulinitico / a clayey kaolinitic Oxisol under original Cerrado (Brazilian savanna) vegetation. The experiment was arranged in a completely randomized design (CRD) with four treatments (areas): Native vegetation - Cerrado (CE); brachiaria pasture (PA); soybean in conventional tillage (SC) and no-tillage (NT) corn followed by millet. No significant differences in annual CO2 and N2O emissions were observed between treatments. This can be explained by the variability of gas fluxes due to climate seasonality, with lower emissions in the winter due to low soil moisture. Mean emissions of CO2 were 108.9 ± 85.6 mg m-2 h-1 , and of N2O 13.5 ± 7.6 mg m-2 h-1 . For CH4 significant differences in the fluxes were only observed in pasture (32 mg m-2 h-1 ), while in the other areas inflows between 46 and 15 mg m-2 h-1 were observed. The GHG fluxes showed close correlation with soil moi...

Concepts
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GHG Flux
GHG Fluxes
Areas
Cerrado
CO2 Emissions
State Of Goias
Winter
Dynamics Of Soil Organic Matter
Fluxes
Native Vegetation

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