Energy Economics | VOL. 26
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Emission policies and the Nigerian economy: simulations from a dynamic applied general equilibrium model

Publication Date Sep 1, 2004

Abstract

Recently, there has been growing concern that human activities may be affecting the global climate through growing atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases (GHG). Such warming could have major impacts on economic activity and society. For the Nigerian case, the study uses multisector dynamic applied general equilibrium model to quantify the economy-wide, distributional and environmental costs of policies to curb GHG emissions. The simulation results indicate effectiveness of carbon tax, tradable permit and backstop technology policies in curbing GHG emissions but with distorted economy-wide income distributional effects. However, the model was found to be sensitive to three key exogenous variable and parameters tested: lower GDP growth rate, changed interfuel substitution elasticity and autonomous energy efficiency factor. Unlike the first test, the last two tests only had improved environmental effect but stable economy wide effect. This then suggest that domestic energy conservation measures could be a second best alternative.

Concepts

Atmospheric Concentrations Of Greenhouse Gases Emission Policies Nigerian Economy Carbon Tax Policies Economic Activity General Model Greenhouse Gases Human Activities Effectiveness Of Tax Lower Growth Rate

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No potential conflict of interest was reported by the authors. The conception and design of the study, acquisition of data, analysis and interpretatio...

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