Malaria remains a public health problem in Côte d'Ivoire despite a 95% coverage rate with long-lasting insecticide-treated mosquito nets (LLINs) since 2015. A study was conducted in Bouaké to determine the residual efficacy of LLINs used during 17 months (N = 30) and of stored and unpacked LLINs (N = 8). The physical integrity of LLINs and their biological efficacy on populations of Anopheles gambiae (sensitive and resistant to insecticides) were assessed. The study revealed that 57% (17/30) of LLINs recovered from households have a hole. The proportional hole indices indicated that 70% (21/30) of LLINs were in good condition, 20% (6/30) were repairable and 10% (3/30) were unusable.This study also showed that the LLINs used and stored were effective on the sensitive Kisumu strain but ineffective on resistant populations of An. gambiae of Bouaké. Average knock-down and mortality rates induced by LLINs used on the populations of An. gambiae from Bouaké were 23% and 9%, respectively. The resistance of mosquitoes to insecticides and the alteration of the physil integrity of mosquito nets are probably major factors to be taken into account in estimating the efficacy of LLINs in the field.

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