The effectiveness of early generation selection under low and high plant density was evaluated in faba bean (Vicia faba L.). For this, the faba bean cv. 'Polycarpe' was pollinated by eight higher yielding cultivars of different origin. The F1's and F2's together with 'Polycarpe' and the pollinator with the highest yielding ability (cv. 'Effe') were evaluated under high plant density with adjacent controls and under low plant density in a honeycomb design. It was found that the eight hybrids had a different ranking at low than at high plant density for both generations (F1and F2). Hybrid Pol.x A-58 had the best combined yield performance in the F1and F2under high and hybrid Pol.x A-37 under low plant density. Application of individual plant selection in the F2and F3generation of the two crosses (Pol.x A-58 and Pol.x A-37), under both low plant density according to UNR-O honeycomb design and high plant density using a moving average, resulted in the selection of four groups with 20 selected F3plants each. Within each group, equal numbers of seeds from each plant were mixed to establish four mixtures. These mixtures together with two controls ('Polycarpe' and 'Effe') were evaluated in a randomized complete block design (22 plants/m2) in one location for two years. It was found that the material selected continuously under low plant density had a significantly higher yield than the material selected under high plant density. In addition, the material selected from Pol.x A-37 (H1R2) under high plant density had a lower mean yield than that selected continuously under low plant density (H1H2). Their average yield over years was significantly higher than the yield of the material selected from Pol.x A-58 under both plant densities. Furthermore, the material selected from Pol.x A-58 under low plant density, had a significantly higher mean yield over years than its sibs selected under high plant density. It was concluded that honeycomb selection at low plant density can be used effectively for early generation selection in faba bean.

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