Materials | VOL. 15
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Effect of Quaternary Ammonium Salts and 1,2,4-Triazole Derivatives on Hydrogen Absorption by Mild Steel in Hydrochloric Acid Solution

Publication Date Oct 8, 2022

Abstract

The treatment of low-carbon steel items with hydrochloric acid solutions is used in many industrial technologies. This process is accompanied not only by metal corrosion losses, but also by hydrogen absorption by the metal. In this study, the kinetics of hydrogen cathodic reduction on low-carbon steel in 2 M HCl containing corrosion inhibitors, namely, quaternary ammonium salts and a 3-substituted 1,2,4-triazole, have been studied. Adsorption isotherms of corrosion inhibitors on cathodically polarized steel surface have been obtained. XPS data provide valuable information on the composition and structure of protective layers formed on steel in HCl solutions containing inhibitors. The main rate constants of the stages of gaseous hydrogen evolution and incorporation of hydrogen atoms into the metal have been determined. The addition of quaternary ammonium salts or 3-substituted 1,2,4-triazole inhibits the cathodic reduction of hydrogen and its penetration into steel in the HCl solution. 3-substituted 1,2,4-triazole is the most efficient inhibitor of hydrogen absorption. The inhibitory effect of this compound is caused by a decrease in the ratio of the hydrogen concentration in the metal phase to the degree of surface coverage with hydrogen. The maximum decrease in hydrogen concentration in the metal bulk in the presence of the 3-substituted 1,2,4-triazole is 8.2-fold, which determines the preservation of the plastic properties of steel as it corrodes in HCl solutions. The high efficiency of the 3-substituted 1,2,4-triazole as ...

Concepts

Hydrogen Absorption Steel In HCl Solutions Addition Of Quaternary Ammonium Salts Effect Of Quaternary Ammonium Salts Steel In Hydrochloric Acid Solution Incorporation Of Hydrogen Atoms Hydrochloric Acid Solution HCl Solutions Decrease In Hydrogen Concentration Quaternary Ammonium

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