The corrosivity of molten salt can be detrimental to the safe operation and longevity of concentrated solar thermal power generation equipment. Additionally, the presence of impurity Cl− can increase corrosion on metal materials, leading to mechanical property degradation. To assess the extent of this effect, the corrosion behaviour of three types of stainless steel (304, 316L, and 347H) in molten salt at high temperatures was studied using the loss-in-weight method and tensile tests. According to the findings, the Rdepths of 304, 316L, and 347H stainless steels are 0.0018 mm/a, 0.0016 mm/a, and 0.0019 mm/a, respectively, resulting in a decrease in elongation of 12.2%, 7.0%, and 3.7% after 720 h of corrosion at 600°C. Furthermore, at a higher temperature of 680°C, the Rdepths of all stainless steels increased, and the elongation decreased by 25.4%, 18.9%, and 13.5%, respectively. Similar corrosion behaviour was observed in 347H stainless steel with increased chloride ion concentration. However, the yield strength and tensile strength of stainless steel did not exhibit significant changes under different experimental conditions. The corrosion mechanism of metal alloys in molten salt is mainly due to the selective corrosion of Cr and its dissolution into molten salt in the form of ions.

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