Cyclaniliprole, a novel diamide insecticide, can successfully control Spodoptera litura (Fabricius, 1775) in cabbage. Understanding the residual level of cyclaniliprole in crops and the risk related to its dietary intake is imperative for safe application. Here, we established a simplified, sensitive method for simultaneous analysis of cyclaniliprole and its metabolite NK-1375 (3-bromo-2-((2-bromo-4H-pyrazolo[1,5-d]pyrido[3,2-b]-[1,4]oxazin-4-ylidene)amino)-5-chloro-N-(1-cyclopropylethyl)benzamide) in cabbage by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) to investigate their dissipation behavior and residual characteristics. Cyclaniliprole showed rapid dissipation in cabbage and had a half-life of 1.8-2.7days. The highest residue of total cyclaniliprole (sum of cyclaniliprole and NK-1375) in cabbage from different pre-harvest intervals (3 and 5days) was 0.25mg/kg. Our results confirmed the generally low dietary risk quotient of cyclaniliprole (0.243-1.036%) among different age and gender groups in China. Therefore, cyclaniliprole did not pose an unacceptable risk to consumers. This study contributes to setting cyclaniliprole maximum residue limit in cabbage by assessing its dissipation fate and food safety risks.

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