Mikrobiyoloji Bulteni | VOL. 56
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Determination and Genotype Distribution of Rotavirus Gastroenteritis in Pediatric Patients Admitted to a Tertiary Care Hospital

Publication Date Apr 25, 2022

Abstract

Acute infectious gastroenteritis is a prevalent disease worldwide, and most of the cases are caused by viral pathogens. Many different viruses, including Rotavirus (RV), Norovirus, Adenovirus, and Astroviruses, are responsible for most acute viral gastroenteritis cases. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), viral gastroenteritis infections cause more than 200 000 child mortalities each year worldwide. One of the best strategies to reduce the global burden of RV gastroenteritis is the development and administration of effective vaccines. However, since there are differences in the coverage of the vaccines, the choice of appropriate vaccine for localized genotypes based on regions is important. The aim of this study was to detect the RV infections in our region and to perform genotyping using real time polymerase chain reaction (Rt-PCR) and high resolution melting (HRM) analysis. A total of 341 stool samples collected from pediatric patients were tested. Lateral flow immunochromatographic assay principle based assay was used for antigen detection. RT-PCR and HRM were applied for genotype analysis. Similar to the data from our country and Eastern Mediterranean region, RV positivity in stool samples was 23.1%. The majority of the patients (51%) were aged 0-2 years and the vast majority of the patients, with a rate of 77%, were between the ages of 0-5. Most of the cases were detected in the winter months, especially in February. The distribution of 40 samples, whose G genotype could be detected, was a...

Concepts

High Resolution Melting Analysis High Resolution Melting Rotavirus Higher Viral Diversity Eastern Mediterranean Region Rotateq Current Burden Of Disease Real Time Polymerase Chain Reaction Real Time High Resolution Prevalent Genotypes

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