Full-Duplex (FD) communication is a promising technique that can be used in 5G to potentially double the system throughput compared to conventional Half Duplex (HD) transmission. Recent experiments have demonstrated near-perfect self-interference suppression techniques in the PHY layer to aid the possibility of FD communication. This paper presents a Synchronized Mode Full-Duplex (SM-FD) wireless LAN MAC protocol with appropriate modification of the IEEE 802.11 standard. The proposed SM-FD MAC protocol maintains synchronization between nodes and Access Point (AP) to increase efficiency. SM-FD MAC protocol supports WLAN having both FD and HD capable nodes by establishing both symmetrical links (Node1 ↔ AP) and asymmetrical links (Node1 → AP → Node2). To this end, we have utilized the packet-alignment-based capture effect in an efficient way. The proposed SM-FD MAC protocol has been analyzed using a Markov chain model. The analytical results for RTS and data collision probability, saturated throughput, delay, and energy spent per packet transmission have been derived and validated against simulation.

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