Farming intensification and climate change are inevitably linked to pathogen emergence in aquaculture. In this context, infectious diseases associated with vibrios span all developmental stages of the Pacific Oyster Crassostrea gigas. Moreover, virulence factors associated with pathogenicity spread among the vibrio community through horizontal gene transfer as part of the natural eco-evolutive dynamic of this group. Therefore, risk factors associated with the emergence of pathogens should be assessed before the appearance of mass mortalities in developing rearing areas. In this context, we characterized the vibrios community associated with oysters cultured in a non-intensive area free of massive mortalities located at Tongoy bay, Chile, through a culture-dependent approach. We taxonomically affiliated our isolates at the species level through the partial sequencing of the heat shock protein 60 gene and estimated their virulence potential through experimental infection of juvenile C. gigas. The vibrio community belonged almost entirely to the Splendidus clade, with Vibrio lentus being the most abundant species. The virulence potential of selected isolates was highly contrasted with oyster survival ranging between 100 and 30%. Moreover, different vibrio species affected oyster survival at different rates, for instance V. splendidus TO2_12 produced most mortalities just 24h after injection, while the V. lentus the most virulent strain TO6_11 produced sustained mortalities reaching 30% of survival at day 4 after injection. Prod...
Vibrio Community Crassostrea Gigas Pacific Oyster Crassostrea Gigas Tongoy Bay Oyster Crassostrea Gigas Oyster Survival Emergence Of Pathogens Culture-dependent Approach Horizontal Gene Transfer Virulence Potential
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Round-ups are the summaries of handpicked papers around trending topics published every week. These would enable you to scan through a collection of papers and decide if the paper is relevant to you before actually investing time into reading it.
Climate change Research Articles published between Jan 23, 2023 to Jan 29, 2023
Jan 30, 2023
Articles Included: 3
Climate change adaptation has shifted from a single-dimension to an integrative approach that aligns with vulnerability and resilience concepts. Adapt...Read More
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