Abstract

Introduction. At present, the causes and methods of manifestation of aggression in children with hearing impairment are considered as an insufficiently studied problem, and the available studies are contradictory: the unified principles, methods and techniques for diagnosing and correcting aggressive behavior in children are insufficiently developed and substantiated. Severe emotional states, including aggression, are a fairly common occurrence in older preschool children with hearing impairment, when they realize their difference from their normal hearing peers. Household methods of dealing with aggression do not always help, often exacerbate the problem. Preventive and corrective work should be based on the means available for understanding by children of preschool age. Fairy tale therapy has effective methods and techniques in correctional and developmental work with children with hearing impairment in work with manifestations of aggression.Materials and Methods. Review and critical analysis of scientific literature. Empirical research methods: study of medical records, experiment. Method of mathematical processing of research results.Results. Methods for diagnosing aggressive behavior and methods for its correction in preschool children with hearing impairment are analyzed. The initial level of manifestation of aggression in children of senior preschool age with hearing impairment was revealed. A program and methodological recommendations for the correction of aggressive behavior in senior preschool children with hearing impairment by means of fairy tale therapy in the conditions of a preschool educational organization have been developed. During the analysis of the results of the study of children in the experimental and control groups, a decrease in the indicators of the manifestation of aggressive behavior was observed, which confirms the effectiveness of the developed program.Discussion and Conclusions. The implementation of the program for the correction of aggressive behavior in children of senior preschool age with hearing impairments by means of fairy tale therapy should be carried out in the conditions of a preschool educational organization and boarding schools, when methods and techniques for preventing and correcting aggressive behavior of children based on fairy tales are included in the correctional and developmental lesson. taking into account in the process of its implementation the structure of hearing impairment, the psychological characteristics of preschool children with hearing impairment.

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