Acta Radiologica Open | VOL. 11
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Comparison of the axillary lymph node between rheumatoid arthritis and psoriatic arthritis with computed tomography

Publication Date Jul 1, 2022

Abstract

Backgrounds There is a lack of universally available biomarker to differentiate rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and psoriatic arthritis (PsA). Purpose to see if the size of the axillary lymphnodes (ALNs) and the frequency of lymphadenopathy are useful biomarker to differentiate RA and PsA. Material and Methods Forty RA and 19 PsA patients without previous biologics usage were retrospectively included. Chest CT was assessed for the presence of lymphadenopathy and the size of the largest ALN. Frequency of lymphadenopathies was statistically compared between RA and PsA. The short axis and the long axis of the largest ALN were also compared and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was performed. Results Frequency of axillary lymphadenopathy was significantly higher in RA than in PsA (80% vs 31.6%, p < .001). Number of lymphadenopathies in each patient was also significantly higher in RA than in PsA (3.0 vs 1.2 per patient, p = .005). Sensitivity and specificity for differentiating RA from PsA by the presence of at least one axillary lymphadenopathy were 0.8 and 0.68, respectively. The short axis of the largest ALNs in RA was significantly longer than in PsA (6.5 ± 1.6 mm vs 4.7 ± 1.7 mm, p < .001). ROC curve analysis of the short axis showed AUC of 0.75 ( p = .002) and the cutoff value of 5.1 mm with a sensitivity of 0.83 and specificity of 0.74, when differentiating RA and PsA. Conclusion Presence of ALN lymphadenopathy and the short axis of the largest ALN may have a potential utility in differentiating RA an...

Concepts

Frequency Of Lymphadenopathy Psoriatic Arthritis Rheumatoid Arthritis Axillary Lymph Nodes Axillary Lymphadenopathy Receiver Operating Characteristic Short Axis Potential Utility Curve Analysis Previous Usage

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